Also, Predynastic Egyptians of the 5th millennium BC pictorially represented geometric designs. systems have been many and diverse, with the first known written numerals created by Egyptians in Middle Kingdom texts such as the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus.

The earliest uses of mathematics were in trading, land measurement, painting and weaving patterns and the recording of time.

His travels in Egypt probably took him as far south as the first Cataract.

invention of radiocarbon dating-29

2580 BC, is the oldest and largest of the pyramids, and is the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

The pyramid of Khafre is believed to have been completed around 2532 BC, at the end of Khafre's reign. Mathematics The invention of mathematics is placed firmly in African PRE-HISTORY''The oldest known possibly mathematical object is the Lebombo bone, discovered in the Lebombo mountains of Swaziland and dated to approximately 35,000 BC.

It consists of 29 distinct notches cut into a baboon's fibula.

Also prehistoric artifacts discovered in Africa and France, dated between 35,000 and 20,000 years old [respectively], suggest early attempts to quantify time.

It may also contain the earliest documented awareness of tumors..

Homer (800 BC) remarked in the Odyssey: "In Egypt, the men are more skilled in medicine than any of human kind" and "the Egyptians were skilled in medicine more than any other art".

Hippocrates (the "father of medicine", Herophilos, Erasistratus and later Galen studied at the temple of Amenhotep, and acknowledged the contribution of ancient Egyptian medicine to Greek medicine. Architecture The African empire of Egypt developed a vast array of diverse structures and great architectural monuments along the Nile, among the largest and most famous of which are the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Great Sphinx of Giza The pyramids, which were built in the Fourth Dynasty, testify to the power of the pharaonic religion and state.

They were built to serve both as grave sites and also as a way to make their names last forever.

They crushed the ore and ground it to a fine powder before washing the powder for the gold dust. Iron Smelting Iron smelting is a form of extractive metallurgy; its main use is to produce a metal from its ore.